Childhood cancers make up less than 1% of all cancers diagnosed each year.
About 10,450 children in the United States under the age of 15 will be diagnosed with cancer in 2014. Childhood cancer rates have been rising slightly for the past few decades. Because of major treatment advances in recent decades, more than 80% of children with cancer now survive 5 years or more. Overall, this is a huge increase since the mid-1970s, when the 5-year survival rate was about 60%. Still, survival rates vary depending on the type of cancer and other factors. Survival rates for different cancer types are listed in the section, “Surviving childhood cancer.”
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in children (after accidents).
About 1,350 children younger than 15 years old are expected to die from cancer in 2014.